A day will come when you think yourself safe and happy, and suddenly your joy will turn to ashes in your mouth, and you'll know the debt is paid.

Tuesday, January 21, 2014

Hinduism in Nepal

Om sign of Hinduism
Symbol of Om

Hindus constitutes to the major population of Nepal. According to the latest census of 2011 nearly 81.3 percent of total people are Hindus. We also have a different calendar from the rest of the world. We follow Bikram Sambat (B.S) calendar(a solar calendar) and this is 2070 B.S. The origin of Hindus and Hinduism dates backs to 1500 B.C or earlier. It was founded in India but the founder is still unknown. But I believe Hinduism is the collections of philosophical and religious traditions and ideas that people formed when they were on this planet. The religion was founded in the bank of Indus River and it is also known as the Indus Valley Civilization.

There are nearly 1000 Millions adherents of Hinduism in the world and it is the third largest religion in the world. The original language of Hindus is Sanskrit and the sacred texts are The Vedas, The Purana,The Bhagavad Gita,The Upanishads,The Mahabharata and The Ramayana. Their are many other minor texts. The Vedas are also further divided into four types.

  • The Rig Veda
  • The Sama Veda
  • TheYajur Veda
  • The Atharva Veda

There are 108 extant Upanishads out of which 10 are most important. Hinduism is mostly practiced in  Nepal and India. But Surprisingly it is also practiced in Sri Lanka,Mauritius,Malaysia,The United States,The United Kingdom and many other western and eastern countries.
Every religion have their own unique symbol. We have a symbol called Om. Hindus worship probably every fauna and flora on the earth. According to an estimate we have a total of  330 million gods. We worship in the Temple. Bramha(the creator),Bishnu or Vishnu(the protector) and Mahadev or Maheshwar or Shiva(the destroyer) are mostly worshiped and praised.

Bramha Vishnu and Maheshwar
Bramha,Vishnu and Maheshwar in a single picture

Bramha is the one who is on top right having a beard and sitting in a lotus flower. Vishnu is on the top right who is holding a chakra(the oval instrument on his upper left hand),sankha(an instrument in his upper right hand) ,flower and gadha(a weapon in his lower right hand). And Mahadev is on the center sitting in a Tiger's skin beside a Trishul(the weapon whose top looks like W) and he has wore snake in his neck and moon in his head. These three gods combinedly are called Tridev.
Hindus celebrate more festivals than any religion in this world. Some popular festivals are:

people celebrating holi
people celebrating Holi. The festival of colors. 
  • Maha Shivaratri
  • Holi
  • Ram Navami
  • Krishna Janmashtami
  • Dashain(Dussehra)
  • Tihar(Deepawali)
  • Durga Puja
  • Vasanta Panchami
  • Chhath
  • Guru purnima
  • Raksha Bandhan
 We celebrate each and every festival with joy and happiness. 
worshipping lord shiva in maha shivaratri
Priests worshipping Lord Shiva in the occasion of Maha Shivaratri
We worship cow as our god. As cow reflects goddess Laxmi(The goddess of wealth) we respect cow and praise them. We have different rituals ands we perform some of them on daily basis.We always perform puja in morning and evening. Brata(Fasting) is also considered as a ritual. Many man and women perform this.They do not eating anything during the day. This also has a scientific reason behind it. Mostly all of the hindus rituals are supported and proved by science. The Ayurveda was originated thousands of years ago and it is still practised today to cure diseases. Life taking diseases like cancer and AIDS can also be cured using this practise.
As a matter of fact Hinduism is the most practicable,scientific,flexible and mysterious religion of the world. Indeed it is a religion for all. 
Location: Kathmandu 44600, Nepal


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